The Harlem Renaissance (also called the New Negro Movement) was a social, cultural, and artistic movement of African-American writers and painters between about 1920 and 1930.
The Harlem Renaissance was the first flowering of African-American art that went beyond individual works. Similar to the jazz era, the movement was triggered by the mass exodus of African-Americans from the southern states to the north (Great Migration). In New York's Harlem district, the African-American Philip Payton had taken over the real estate market from 1904 to a large extent. Since that time - and especially in the 1920s - Harlem had become synonymous with African American culture as the black middle class lived there.
The anthology The New Negro (1925), edited by Alain LeRoy Locke, had a major impact on the movement, in which the philosopher and critic collected prose, poetry, plays, and essays from a new generation of African-American authors. In his preface, Locke described the migration from the southern states to the north as "a kind of spiritual liberation" through which Afro-American art was able to develop its own identity for the first time - beyond the white role models. In the art of the Harlem renaissance also African traditions, African-American traditions as well as gospel and jazz play a big role. White writers, especially the journalist and photographer Carl van Vechten, also supported the movement - and were influenced by it. The patron Charlotte Mason employed and promoted a number of artists, but also had her own understanding of Native American and African American culture.
The Harlem renaissance was a cultural revolution in the African American community in the early 1920's taking place mostly in Harlem, New York. many people such as Luis Armstrong and Cab Galloway rose to stardom as affects of this revolution
The Harlem Renaissance was a place where African American artists, writers and musicians gathered to inspire each other.
The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement developed in the 1920s. Over time, it was known as the "New Black Movement," in honor of Alain Locke's 1925 anthology. The movement also included the new Afro-American cultural expressions across the urban areas of the Northeast and Midwest of the United States affected by the Great (Afro-American) Migration, of which Harlem was the largest. Although centered in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan, New York, in addition, many black writers from African and Caribbean colonies living in Paris were also influenced by the Harlem Renaissance.
The Harlem Renaissance is generally considered to have arisen from about 1918 until the mid-1930s. Many of his ideas have lived for much longer. The peak of the movement was the "flowering of Black literature" with James Weldon Johnson, between 1924 (the year that Opportunity: A Journal of Black Life organized a party for black writers where many white editors were present) and 1929 (the year of fall of the stock market and the onset of the Great Depression).
The statement that best describes the Harlem Renaissance is the one that says it was a place where African American artists, writers and musicians gathered to inspire each other.
The Harlem Renaissance was the rebirth of black art in the community of African-Americans living in Harlem, New York during the 1920s.
Although it is sometimes said to include all of upper Manhattan, traditionally Harlem is bordered by the south on East 96th Street, where the railroad track emerges from the tunnel beneath Park Avenue, and next to Central Park, to the west by Morningside Heights, 125th Street to the Hudson River, north on 155th Street, and east to the East River.
Jazz music, literature and painting stood out in a significant way among the artistic creations of the main components of this artistic movement.
At the beginning of the 1920s three key works showed the new African-American literary creativity. Harlem Shadows (1922) by Claude McKay, became one of the first African-American works published by a major national publishing house. Cane (1923), by Jean Toomer, is an experimental novel that combines poetry and prose to show the southern rural and northern urban life of black Americans. Finally, Confusion (1924), the first novel by Jessie Fauset, represents the life of the African-American middle class from the point of view of a woman.
And i cant help with the second one. But D looks legit.