The dependent clauses are "while patrick set the table" (in sentence 1), "if he is running late" (in sentence 2), and "before she boarded the plane" (in sentence 3).
A dependent clause is a group of words that cannot stand on its own as a complete sentence. Dependent clauses can be divided into adjectival, adverbial and nominal clauses. In the case of the sentences provided, the three of them contain adverbial clauses, which means that the dependent clauses are acting as adverbs. Moreover, these clauses have been introduced by the subordinating conjunctions "while", "if" and "before" respectively.
"While patrick set the table", "if he is running late" and "before she boarded the plane" are the dependent clauses contained in each complex sentence.
First of all, dependent clauses, which are also known as subordinate clauses, are clauses that do not express a complete idea; therefore, they cannot be considered complete sentences. Dependent clauses can work as adjectives, nouns or adverbs. The sentences provided contain subordinate clauses that are working as adverbs. Moreover, they are modifying verbs. Sentence 1 has been introduced by the subordinating conjunction "while", whereas sentence 2 and 3 have been introduced by "if" and "before" respectively.
1) While Patrick set the table
2) If he is running late
3) Before she boarded the plane
A Dependent Clause is a clause that cannot work by itself as a complete logical sentence, but has a nominal, adjectival, or adverbial function within a larger sentence. Also called Subordinate Clause.
1. While Patrick set the table
2 If he is running late
3. Before she boarded the plane
Dependent always needs a little help while independent can make a sentence all by itself.
The dependent clauses would be the following ones:
- While Patrick set the table
- If he is running late
- Before she boarded the plane
A dependent clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. It does not express a complete thought so it is not a sentence and can't stand alone. It depends on the the main clause to complete its meaning. These clauses include adverb clauses, adjective clauses, and noun clauses. In the choices presented, all the dependent clauses are adverb clauses.
Adverbs clauses modifiy verbs and begin with a subordinating conjunction (while, if, before). The fact that the following clauses are grammatically incorrect proves that they can stand alone as sentences (1, 2, 3).
1. *While Patrick set the table
2. * If he is running late
3. * Before she boarded the plane
those are the answers